APJ Kalam Birth Anniversary 2021: Know History, Significance, Why we celebrate this day?

APJ Abdul Kalam Birthday 2021: জেলে পরিবারে জন্ম নেওয়া এপিজে আবদুল কালামের রাষ্ট্রপতির যাত্রা জানুন

APJ Abdul Kalam Birthday 2021: Born in a fishing family, learn the journey of APJ Abdul Kalam as President

APJ Kalam Birth Anniversary 2021: In the 75th year of independence, when the country is celebrating the Amrit Mahotsav, Dr. played an important role in leading India towards self-reliance in science and technology. It is normal to remember APJ Kalam. Under his leadership, the country was able to build advanced missiles like Agni and Prithvi with indigenous technology.

Teacher, eminent scientist, Missile Man, President of the country and India’s ‘gem’, Dr. AP APJ Abdul Kalam used to say that dreams, dreams, only then will they come true. He also liked to remember himself as a teacher. His special expectation from the youth was to think differently, to have the courage to innovate, to discover and innovate, to explore unknown paths, to travel, to find solutions to problems. He was the leader of India’s space and missile development program. That is why he is also called ‘Missile Man’. He was also instrumental in advancing DRDO and ISRO, important organizations in the country.

APJ Kalam Birth Anniversary; Born into a fishing family:

APJ Kalam i.e. Zainulbadin Abdul Kalam of Avul Paki was born on 15 October 1311 in Rameshwaram, Tamil Nadu to a Muslim fishing family. His father Zainulabdin was a sailor and his mother a housewife. To help his father financially, he used to take newspapers from the Rameshwaram Road railway station, three km from the school, and distribute them. He did his primary education from Rameshwaram Panchayat Primary School. He then studied aeronautical engineering in 1957 from the Madras Institute of Technology.

When Kalam was in class five, school teacher Shiv Subramania Iyer was teaching children about the principle of flying birds, but no one understood. He then takes them to the beach and shows them how birds fly in flocks of 10, 20 and 30. When they flutter their wings, they get a lift and they fly. On top of that a child asked where is their engine and where does the power come from? The teacher replied that the birds flew at will. This class had a profound effect on boy Kalam and he decided that later he would only study aeronautics.

Dr. Kala Kalam was proficient in fiberglass technology. While leading a team of young ISRO scientists, he was responsible for the design and development of the composite rocket motor case. Here, as project director, he went on to launch India’s first indigenous satellite, making a significant contribution to the development of ‘SLV-3’. The Rohini satellite was launched into Earth orbit from SLV-3 in July. After this achievement, India joined the world’s exclusive space club.

After working at ISRO for two decades, he moved to DRDO. There he was head of the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP). He was responsible for the development and operation of ‘Agni’ and ‘Prithvi’ missiles. In addition to building strategically important missile systems with the Department of Atomic Energy, he conducted the ‘Pokhran-2’ nuclear test under the inspiration of the then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Only after this test did India succeed in becoming a nuclear power. Earlier, nuclear scientist Raja Ramanna (under whose supervision India conducted the first nuclear test) invited Kalam to visit the Pokhran nuclear test in 1974.

Unique contribution in the field of defense-medical sector: Kalam also made many efforts to make the country self-reliant in the development of defense equipment. This included many projects such as building light warplanes. His contribution to the field of biomedical medicine was not small. Between 1994-1996, he built the Kalam-Raju (Dr. Kalam and Cardiologist Dr. Soma Raju) stand with a team of medical experts.

President of the People:

In view of his reputation as a defense scientist, the then NDA coalition government nominated him for the presidency in 2002. On July 25, 2005, he became the 11th President of the country. He was the third president of the country to receive the Bharat Ratna even before he became the first citizen of the country. Earlier, Dr. Rad Radhakrishnan and Dr. Zakir Hussain received this honor. He was called the ‘President of the People’ because of his image. He fell ill while addressing students at IIM, Shillong on July 27, 2012 and then died of a heart attack. His memory will always inspire the countrymen.

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Vision 2020:

Dr. Kala Kalam dreamed of building India as a developed country. Under his leadership, a team of 500 experts under the Department of Science and Technology prepared the first document titled ‘India Vision 2020’, which for the first time dreamed of taking India forward as a developed nation by 2020. From November 1999 to November 2001, he was the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Government of India.

Swastika Paul
Swastika Paul
Hi, I am Swastika Paul, popularly known as Mun in my friends’ circle. I am a writer, author ,educationist and an Engineering student . I enjoy writing things that are on popular science, applied mathematics, environment, history, invention news , modern technology culture and society in Bengali in order to popularize science among readers in the regional language.

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